Privacy by design: technical, legal and political issues
Privacy by design is often praised by lawyers as an essential step towards a better privacy protection: in a world where privacy is more and more jeopardized by new information and communication technologies, the growing view is that part of the remedy should come from the technologies themselves. On the technological front, privacy enhancing technologies (PETs) have been an active research topic in computer science during the last decades and a wide range of tools has been proposed. One must admit however that the take-up of most of these techniques by consumers is still rather limited. In this talk we will review the gap between a toolset of available technologies and the still unrealized promises of privacy by design. We will argue that the first obstacle to privacy by design is not technological but political and will suggest a range of actions to enhance trust in new technologies and enter into a virtuous cycle for a wider adoption of privacy by design.